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Circle Genealogic and Historic Champanellois

Association "Law 1901" of Saint-Genès-Champanelle, 63 , France

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History of the village of Berzet

BERZET, village, commune of Saint-Genès-Champanelle. It never was that a small borough of stockbreeders of sheeps and was the stronghold of no lord. He counted to about thirty families.

Macabre chronicle

On April 24, 1876, was found in the wood of Berzet the corpse of a man. After investigation, one determined thet it acted of a gunner of the 36th regiment of artillery in garrison in Clermont-Ferrand named CAGNARD Constant and originating in the Somme.

The spring of Marmeix

It is one of the rare springs of the commune being protected by a stone bus protection,
formerly it supplied a cowfeeding tough which disapeared today.

Rise or descent of Berzet ?

The road which connects Berzet to Ceyrat reached a slope of more than 8%. >Each year, is organized a pedestrian hill climb in order to designate the champion who will climb the slope as fast as possible. This difficult road is also very appraisal by the supporters of the small queen (the bicycle). The other side of the coin, it is that at the time of the rigourous winters, this small road becomes extremly dangerous for the not-informed drivers and in the event of intense glaze.

The festival of the treshing-machine

All the thirds Sundays of August, took place traditionally the festival of the treshing-machine of Berzet. One coul admire there the old treshing-machine of the village in full action, actuated by a tractor or an electric motor acording to years. This machine had been bought by the inhabitants of the village and thus always belongs to the community of the village.. One coul also admire manipulators of plague which beat the sheaves of wheat in order to separate the straw from the grains but in a way less effective than the machine.

This demonstration was very appreciated by the tourists who like to find the gestures that the farmers practised formerly.

Historical !!!

The 19/10/2000, Thomas and Juliette have collected in a meadow une "vesse de loup" of 2kg 150g.

Its circumference was 92 cm. Here its phototography close to our regional daily newspaper which will give you an idea of its real size.

The storm of December 1999

Some days before the end of the year 1999, a centennial storm cut down an electric pylon
of one of the lines high-tension which crosses the village of Berzet. That resulted in to deprive of electricity
during several days inhabitants of the village. At the end of approximately 48 hours, the telephone exchange
of Theix saw its spare battery to return the heart, therefore more telephone either. Cold having been rather sharp
at this period, the life of the berzetois was made very painful except for those which were heated by the wood or which
had a power generating unit of help.

We present to you photographs of the pylon cut down by the storm, taken by the family
more near and which failed to receive says her the pylon on his house.

vue n°1 vue n°3
vue n°2 vue n°4


Le saviez-vous ?

The Berzet toponym is a word appearing in the Breton dictionaries. We thus questioned specialists in this language, I named the center of terminology of the Office of the Breton language in order to obtain more precise details, and here the answer which we received thanks to Internet:

Hon dave / Notre réf.: SS 05.351


Bien que cela n'implique pas qu'il y ait une origine bretonne au nom de
votre localité, le mot "berzet" signifie en breton courant: "interdit,
Employé aussi comme adjectif, c'est le participe passé du verbe "berzañ", attesté dès le moyen-breton - sous la forme "bersaff" (Catholicon) - depuis le XVème siècle au moins. Il signifie :

1) défendre, prohiber, interdire
2) condamner (un objet devenu inutilisable)
3) garder (une fête).

Source: Roparz Hemon, Geriadur istorel ar brezhoneg / Dictionnaire historique du breton, Editions Preder, Plomelin, 1979-1981.


(Kreizenn Dermenadurezh / Centre de Terminologie)
Ofis ar Brezhoneg / Office de la langue bretonne
10, straed Naonediz / rue Nantaise
Pgz / Tel: +33 (0)2 23 44 04 37
Plr / Fax: +33 (0)2 23 44 04 39
postel / mailto:termbret2.ofisr.bzh@wanadoo.fr  

last update on September 23, 2005

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listed crosses 59
old postcards of the commune 153
old postcards except commune 47
old postcards of Puy de Dôme 118
associations listed on the commune 186
Gordon Bennett Cup 74


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